It lasted from 1890 to 1920. The Progressive Era was where leaders wanted to reform the world and expand their vision of order. In the 1890s the US grew industrial wise and it also spread law and order throughout the country. The Progressive Era when on through 1900 to 1909, and finally spread to the 1910s. Laws and acts were being made all around to enforce a new and better way of society. The American government attacked all these problems enforcing a greater advantage for the US. During the Progressive Era Woodrow Wilson won a three way presidential election, World war 1 started, the US entered WW1, and Wilson introduced his 14 points.
The Sherman Antitrust Act
May 15, 1911, the Sherman Antitrust Act was set into motion. It was where the supreme Court ordered the closure of the Standard Oil Company. John D. Rockefeller founded the Standard oil in 1870, he started enlarging it by buying off smaller companies and using them for his own benefit. In 1882 the Standard Oil Company was formed by Rockefeller and his associates/partners. They worked their way up until they owned almost 90 percent of the country's oil business. In 1890 the Sherman Antitrust act was meant to restrain the company's power, but still it prevailed. In the early 1900s Rockefeller retired leaving his business to his partners. A book was written and published to show the public that Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company were ruthless and brutal, causing an outbreak of horror to settle on the people. In 1909 it was controlled by a lawsuit saying it couldn't trade using railroads, pipelines or any unfair use of travel. Finally in 1911 the Sherman Antitrust Act sent the company to termination.
Glacier National Park
Glacier Park resembles glaciers that were there then and now. There were several glaciers that were over 10,000 feet high. The first European explorers came and Indian tribes started to show up. Soon all these were followed by miners and settlers, and in 1891, the Great Northern Railway was created sending a large amount of people into the region. It became a Forest Reserve in 1900, but it still wasn't illegal to mine or farm the land. many people pushed it toward becoming a national park, one of which was George Bird Grinnell, an early explorer that committed several years working to see it happen. In 1910 his worries were put to rest when President William Howard Taft signed the bill for it to become the country's 10th national park. After it became a national park people began to notice how beautiful the land was and see the land wouldn't need to be used for just mining.
The 19th amendment was passed by Congress in 1919 and in 1920 it was ratified. The 19th amendment guaranteed all women of the US the right to vote. Finally after years and years of the struggle, the people of the US have reached their goal and received their victory. Women's suffrage organizations started to spring out near 1916 through 1918 when the balance of politics began to shift. more and more protesters joined into the fight in 1916 and soon they gained Woodrow Wilson on their side who began changing his position and supported an amendment.
A Plane and a Ship
On January 18, 1911, the Curtiss biplane is named to the first plane to land on a ship. The pilot was Eugene Ely who had only a few months experience in flying a plane. Ely was a salesman, a racing driver, and mechanic before he taught himself how to fly a plane in 1910. He took off from the Tanforan Race Track and flew towards Pennsylvania. He had tried many other stunts but this one included a 120 foot long platform and this time it was insured with ropes and sack bags. It was said he flew around the ship a few times to set the landing course, what he didn't plan was an updraft just as he reached the landing, but he arrived safely on the ship just in time. Not long after this took place the Naval aviation was invented.
Mona Lisa Stolen
The Mona Lisa is one of the most famous paintings of all time. It was created by Leonardo Da Vinci in the early 1500s. On August 21, 1911 it was stolen! The funny thing is it was stolen on Monday, but the thievery was not discovered until Tuesday. It was said the thieves just plucked it right from the wall and walked out with it. The Louvre (famous art museum in Paris) was blamed for not having a good security system. When the news spread out people were outraged all over the world the news was being told and upsetting the citizens. At first people thought they would never find it. Many believed it was a just a bad joke, that anyone would steal a national treasure. It took two years for the Paris Police to find her, but in 1918 they found her. There were three Italian handymen in the process of taking her, it was discovered they spent the night in the art-supply closet and in the morning while the museum was closed. The remarkable painting was recovered from Italian waiter Vincenzo Peruggia's hotel room in Florence. The suspect spent 14 months in jail.
Grand Canyon National Park
One of the most exclusive national parks in the US is the Grand Canyon national park. It takes up 1,904 square miles and runs along the Colorado River. This remarkable park has caught the attention of many and leaves a wonderful impression on the viewer. In 1893 it was founded as a park reserve and later it was recognized as a national monument. In 1919 it became a national park three years after the National Park Service was created. Many thought it was better to protect the site than to let it go to ruin. Ever since 1919 it's been a National park ever since with about 5 million visitors average each year.