King George V served England from 1910 to 1936. He was born on June 1, 1865 and died on January 20, 1936, he was buried at Windsor. His parents were Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark. He was Elizabeth II's grandfather, his full name being George Fredrick Ernest Albert. He married a woman named Princess Victoria Mary the daughter of the Duke of Trek. In all he had 6 children, 5 sons and one daughter. when his brother died in 1892, he became heir to the throne, and he ascended to the throne in May 1912 when he was 44 years old. President Yuan Shikai became the first president of the ROC(Republic of China) after the Qing Dynasty fell in 1912, leaving the two-year old emperor, China began to look up to it's new leader. He was born in 1859, and died of uremia in June 1916. He was a well respected military official, in 1901 he was honored with being the commander of the biggest and best trained military force in North China. He spent his time being commanders of the armed forces and creating a title for himself. Mexican Leaders, there were a lot of Mexican leaders during this time period. A man named Porfirio Diaz was Mexico's president from 1877 to 1911, when he was replaced by Francisco Madero. Australian Prime Ministers, A man named Andrew Fisher served three times as the Labor Prime Minister, those were in 1908 to 1909, 1910 to 1913 and 1914 to 1915. He helped out with it's banking, land policy and taxation.
The Qing/ Manchu Dynasty
In 1644 the Ming Dynasty was failing, and during its defeat a new dynasty was being formed, the Qing Dynasty. In 1911 the final dynasty of the Chinese empire, the Qing/Manchu, was terminated. The empire was rated the 5th biggest empire in history. Over time China began to grow weaker, one of the main effects was when Britain defeated China and took over Hong-Hong. After this defeat the once-powerful China was revealed as weak and vulnerable. Countries saw their chance and started capturing land and taking it from China, for example France took Southeast Asia, and Japan seized Taiwan. The empire was slowly decaying, causing people and peasants to rebel against China. In 1900, foreign countries formed an alliance called "spheres of influence" made up of Britain, Russia, Germany, France, and Japan. The Qing army and the peasants finally united, but they couldn't possibly defeat the foreign powers. In 1911 the Chinese Revolution sprung out, led by Sun Yat-sen, and brought forth the downfall of the Qing Dynasty. Some more issues that caused its downfall were the new Emperor, Railway Protection Movement and the Wuchang Uprising. The Wuchang Uprising was the cause of the Republic of China. The uprising was caused by accident, when bombs were being made, one accidently went off and names of people who were Literary Social members in the New Army, the army that controlled the Qing Dynasty. Soon many assemblies started claiming independence from the Qing Dynasty, revolutionaries eventually formed a government and then created the ROC, with the end of the Qing Dynasty. In 1908 the Empress of China passed away leaving the throne to the two-year old Emperor Puyi. Since the country had no commander, she headed toward disaster, promoting the downfall of the Qing Dynasty.
The war was held from September 28, 1911 to October 18, 1912, The conflict was between Italy and the Ottoman Empire. The situation started when the Ottomans refused to obey Italy when asked to go to and live there Tripolitania and Cyrenacia. During the war Italy proved their armed forces to the Ottomans, by sending in 50,000 troops, compared to the small number of ottomans, they could not send any soldiers out to fight. They sent about 50 troops into Libya to create an alliance help provide advice for Arab resistance. With their extra troops the Italians had to take their fight to the islands controlled by Ottomans. With all these occurrences the Ottomans finally agreed to sign a peace treaty with Italy. One of the conciquences from this war was the First Balkan war.
The First Balkan War
The war lasted from 1912 to 1913. The war was between the Ottoman Empire and the joined forces of Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Montenegro. Montenegro originally called for war in the first place, but soon its allies joined in and together their forces amounted to about 750,000 soldiers facing about 335,000 of the Turkish. During this war the Ottoman Empire lost all their remaining land, Albania, Epirus, Macedonia and Thrace were controlled by the Balkan forces, Serbia had taken over Adriatic at Durazzo with a very important port. Many disagreed Serbia taking the port, which caused the war to expand. The Turks were driven out of the Balkan territory along with the destruction of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish were ready of fall by the time of their defeat on December 3, 1912, but the war with the Ottomans continued on. Finally on May 30, 1913, a treaty was signed declaring that the First Balkan War had ended, removing Macedonia and Albania from the Ottoman empire. With all this happening, it sent the world one step closer to the catastrophe about to overcome it in 1914.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
He believed in peace and wanted it spread through India. During WW1 he supported the British with the hope of freeing India. He was born in Porbandor, on October 2, 1969, and he died on January 30, 1948. He spent many years in South Africa trying to fight discrimination. He had a method of getting people's attention, protesting in a non-violent manor. he inspired many others with his simplistic lifestyle and minimal dress. He traveled to many places learning and protesting for what he loved. In his eyes Indians were being treated poorly and they were considered far from being real human beings. After his trip from South Africa he returned to India, and stayed there for the rest of his life.
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